dance theater, typically with themes from the
Ramakien, performed by dancers
each representing a character from the Ramakien.
wear masks in a variety of colors and shapes according to their
called phu phaak khon
the story in verse
while the show is proceeding on the stage.
By means of a
of the body, different
thoughts and feelings are expressed.
Every hand position has, in
combination with the
position of the body,
referred to as
ram tha, an exact defined meaning. The
Sanskrit word mudra,
usually translated as
and also applied in Buddhist
are able to distinguish the many gestures and their
are played by men.
Ramakien consists of
311 characters and an
would last more than a month.
Miniature models of khon masks are a popular collector's item and souvenir (fig.).
Bang Pa-in, in
Ayutthaya province, is the
Khon Learning Centre (fig.), known in Thai as Ahkahn Rian Roo Reuang Khon (อาคารเรียน-รู้-เรื่องโขน), literally
‘Learning About Khon Building’, a museum that houses a collection of large decors used on khon stages, as well as of khon masks, costumes,
rajarot and stage props, and educates visitors on anything about this classical
dance and its theater. On the outside, the pillars on the balcony of the building front are decorated with figures of the Ramakien. In
Apsara Dance (fig.)
equivalent of Khon, and is named
i.e. female divinities or nymphs
that perform as
celestial dancers of the
Pronunciation ‘khoon’ and sometimes transcribed khohn or