A form of traditional Chinese theatre, that
surfaced at the end of the 18th century AD, during the late Qing Dynasty, and
which combines traditional Chinese music with vocal performance, as well as with
mime, drama, dance, acrobatics, rage, and melodious recitation.
all types of facial makeup, known as
and are dressed in colourful costumes (fig.), sometimes with conspicuous
headdresses (fig.). The
themes are based on Chinese history, folklore, and
events from daily life. This art form arose in Peking and was first performed in
Shanghai in 1884 in the Dangui
Tea House (fig.),
the earliest theatre ever to offer Peking Opera in Shanghai. Also called
Beijing Opera and in Chinese known as Jing Ju (京剧), literally
‘Capital City Drama’.
Chinese Opera and