|Phra Phutta Monthon (พระพุทธมณฑล)
Thai-Pali. ‘Buddha-circle’ or
‘Buddha-mandala (fig.)’. Name of a 2,500
krabiad (15.875 meters) high
image of a
walking Buddha in
Corrado Feroci (fig.) located in Phutta Monthon, a large
Buddhist compound in
Pathom province (fig.), which is shaped like a giant mandala
Buddha image is usually referred to as Phra Phutta Monthon, the park is also called just Phutta Monthon. The complex was built in 1957 to
commemorate the celebration of the 25th Century of the Buddhist
and is erected in a 2,500
(ca. 400 hectare) landscaped park with
topiary, in the
tambon Salaya (ศาลายา), in the
ampheu Phutthamonthon (พุทธมณฑล), near the city of
Construction which took three years to complete, started in 1954 by directive of the then prime minister
Phibun Songkram (fig.). The height of the
Buddha image as well as the size of the park symbolically
represent the year 2500 (fig.). The park is also referred to as Phra Phutta Monthon and
in granite (fig.),
representing the major stages in the Buddha's life and in Thai-Pali referred to as
(สังเวชนียสถาน ๔ ตำบล), i.e. the four
most important stages of the Buddha's life, namely his birth (fig.),
his first discourse (fig.), and his demise (fig.).
These stages, symbolized by stone pedestals, are also represented on a set of Thai postage stamps issued in 1988 (fig.). The area also has a temporary residence for the Buddhist patriarch, a residence
for guest monks, a
vihaan, meditation halls, a ceremonial hall
and a Buddhist museum (fig.). In the western side of the park is a Thai herbs pavilion
and to the South of it a
mango garden. At present important Buddhist ceremonies
and festivals, such as
Asaanha Bucha and
are held at the Phra Phutta Monthon compound. A replica of the
(head) of the Phra Phutta Monthon Buddha image stands in the Hall of Sculpture
in Bangkok (fig.).
In 2007 (2551 BE) the Phra Phutta Monthon Buddha image was refurbished (fig.).
The full, official name of the Phra Phutta Monthon Buddha image in Thai is
Sakkaya Thotsaphonlayan Prathan Phutta Monthon Sutthat.
Also transcibed Phra Phuttamonthon.
also POSTAGE STAMP (1),
TRAVEL PICTURES (1) and (2).