CONSONANTS | VOWELS | NUMERALS | PECULIARITIES | BACK TO CURRENT EDITION

KHMER SCRIPT 

       

 

ភាសាខែ្មរ

Introduction

This section is intended as a reference and aid to help transcribe or recognize Khmer or Cambodian words. Whilst the Khmer alphabet is related to Sanskrit and Pali, it closely resembles the Thai and Lao alphabets, which both were developed from it. Like Sanskrit, Khmer has an alphabet in which each consonant has an inherent vowel, being either an 'a' or an 'o', and vowels exist independently as separate letters as well as in a diacritic form. The pronunciation of the vowels depends on whether a consonant has an inherent 'a' or an inherent 'o'. All consonants also have a subscript form which is used to form consonant clusters.

Consonants

First Group

  • ..... ga (ka)

  • ..... kha

  • ..... ja (ča)

  • ..... cha (čha)

  • ..... da (a)

  • ..... dta (ha)

  • ..... ta

  • ..... tha

  • ..... ba (pa)

  • ..... pha

  • ..... o/na (ɳ)

  • ..... sa

  • ..... ha

  • ..... la

  • ..... a

  • ..... a​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Second Group

  • ..... go (ko)

  • ..... kho

  • ..... jo (čo)

  • ..... cho (čho)

  • ..... o

  • ..... tho (dho)

  • ..... dto (dto)

  • ..... tho (dho)

  • ..... bpo (po)

  • ..... pho (pho)

  • ..... no

  • ..... ngo (ŋ/)

  • ..... mo

  • ..... o/nyo

  • ..... ro

  • ..... yo

  • ..... lo

  • ..... wo/vo

  • ..... o

~ Subscript Consonants

Vowels

  • ..... a
  • ..... ah
  • ..... i
  • ..... ih
  • ..... u
  • ..... uh/oo
  • ..... e
  • ..... ai
  • ..... oh
  • ..... oh
  • ..... au
  • ​​..... varies from word to word

~ Vowel Diacritics

Numerals

 

..... 1

..... 2

..... 3

..... 4

..... 5

..... 6

..... 7

..... 8

..... 9

0 ..... 0

 

Peculiarities

  • ..... reu
  • ..... reuh
  • ..... leu
  • ..... leuh
  • បា ..... baa = ​​ +
  • ​​..... independent vowel with varying pronunciation (ay, ...)
  • ។​ ..... full stop, used at the end of a sentence
  • ..... used for repetition