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KHMER SCRIPT 

       

 

ភាសាខែ្មរ

Introduction

This section is intended as a reference and aid to help transcribe or recognize Khmer or Cambodian words. Whilst the Khmer alphabet is related to Sanskrit and Pali, it closely resembles the Thai and Lao alphabets, which both were developed from it. Like Sanskrit, Khmer has an alphabet in which each consonant has an inherent vowel, being either an ‘a’ or an ‘o’, and vowels exist independently as separate letters as well as in a diacritic form. The pronunciation of the vowels depends on whether a consonant has an inherent ‘a’ or an inherent ‘o’. All consonants also have a subscript form which is used to form consonant clusters. The script used is the Khmer UI System. Note that the subscript consonants and some vowels or other characters in Khmer script may be displayed erroneous in certain browsers. If subscript consonants are displayed twice the same character with a plus mark (+) underneath, then the script is flawed. If so, the correct form can be seen either by downloading additional software or by copying the text in a Word file. You may also click here to see the text in a Word file, or click here to visit an adapted page of this section of an earlier edition, which uses picture files for the Khmer vowel diacritics and subscript consonants, rather than typed text. See also comparative language list.

Consonants

First Group

  • ..... ga (ka)

  • ..... kha

  • ..... ja (ča)

  • ..... cha (čha)

  • ..... da (a)

  • ..... dta (ha)

  • ..... ta

  • ..... tha

  • ..... ba (pa)

  • ..... pha

  • ..... o/na (ɳ)

  • ..... sa

  • ..... ha

  • ..... la

  • ..... ‘a

  • ..... ša​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Second Group

  • ..... go (ko)

  • ..... kho

  • ..... jo (čo)

  • ..... cho (čho)

  • ..... o

  • ..... tho (dho)

  • ..... dto (dto)

  • ..... tho (dho)

  • ..... bpo (po)

  • ..... pho (pho)

  • ..... no

  • ..... ngo (ŋ/)

  • ..... mo

  • ..... ño/nyo

  • ..... ro

  • ..... yo

  • ..... lo

  • ..... wo/vo

  • ..... o

~ Subscript Consonants

  • ក្ក
  • ខ្ខ
  • ច្ច
  • ឆ្ឆ
  • ដ្ដ
  • ឋ្ឋ
  • ត្ត
  • ថ្ថ
  • ប្ប
  • ផ្ផ
  • ហ្ហ
  • ឡ្ឡ
  • អ្អ
  • គ្គ
  • ឃ្ឃ
  • ជ្ជ
  • ឈ្ឈ
  • ឌ្ឌ
  • ឍ្ឍ
  • ទ្ទ
  • ធ្ធ
  • ព្ព
  • ភ្ភ
  • ង្ង
  • ញ្ញ
  • ណ្ណ
  • ន្ន
  • ម្ម
  • យ្យ
  • រ្រ
  • ល្ល
  • ឝ្ឝ
  • ឞ្ឞ
  • ស្ស
  • វ្វ

Vowels

  • ..... a
  • ..... ah
  • ..... i
  • ..... ih
  • ..... u
  • ..... uh/oo
  • ..... e
  • ..... ai
  • ..... oh
  • ..... oh
  • ..... au
  • ​​..... varies from word to word

~ Vowel Diacritics

First Group

  • ..... ka    
  • កា ..... kaa 
  • កិ ..... ke (keu)  
  • កី ..... kay
  • កឹ ..... keu
  • កឺ ..... keuh
  • កុ​ ..... ko
  • កូ​ ..... koa
  • កូវ​ ..... kow
  • កួ​ ..... kooa
  • កើ​ ..... kar
  • កឿ​ ..... keu-a
  • កៀ ..... kee-a
  • កេ​ ..... kay
  • កែ​ ..... kai
  • កៃ​ ..... kai
  • កោ​ ..... kao
  • កៅ​ ..... kao
  • កុំ​ ..... kom
  • កំ​ ..... kom
  • កាំ​ ..... kum
  • កះ​ ..... ka    
  • កុះ..... ko    
  • កេះ..... ke    
  • កោះ..... ko

Second Group

  • ..... ko
  • គា ..... kee-a
  • គិ ..... ki/keu
  • គី ..... kee
  • គឹ ..... keu
  • គឺ ..... keuh
  • គុ​ ..... ku
  • គូ​ ..... kuh
  • គូវ​ ..... koow
  • គួ​ ..... kooa
  • គើ​ ..... ker
  • គឿ​ ..... keu-a
  • គៀ ..... kee-a
  • គេ ..... kay
  • គែ ..... kair
  • គៃ ..... kay-ee
  • គោ​ ..... koa
  • គៅ ..... kou
  • គុំ ..... koom
  • គំ ..... koom
  • គាំ ..... koa-um
  • គះ ..... kay-a
  • គុះ ..... kooh
  • គេះ ..... kih/keh
  • គោះ ..... koo-ah

Numerals

 

..... 1

..... 2

..... 3

..... 4

..... 5

..... 6

..... 7

..... 8

..... 9

0 ..... 0

 

Peculiarities

  • ..... reu
  • ..... reuh
  • ..... leu
  • ..... leuh
  • បា ..... baa = ​​ +
  • ​​..... independent vowel with varying pronunciation (ay, ...)
  • ។​ ..... full stop, used at the end of a sentence
  • ..... used for repetition