Thai. ‘Wealth of
Tak’. General who
after the fall of
Ayutthaya in 1767 assembled an army (fig.) in
Chanthaburi to chase out the invading Burmese
and afterward became King of
the new capital (fig.).
He was born as the son of a
immigrant in the Ayutthaya Period (fig.),
during the reign of king
and given the name Sin, meaning ‘Wealth’ or
‘Treasure’. After serving as a royal page in his youth he became
deputy governor and later governor of Tak province which gained him
his name Taksin, i.e. ‘Sin of Tak’ or ‘Wealth of Tak’. He was
executed in 1782 by order of General
after trumped-up charges of megalomania (fig.).
He was subsequently sentenced and beaten to death according to the
then prevailing protocol, i.e.
under a red satin cloth or in a velvet sack
and with a
club. However, there is a popular belief that a convicted
criminal was substituted for Taksin and sentenced in his place
whilst the ex-king was spirited off to a hidden retreat in
Nakhon Sri Thammarat,
where he died only in 1825. His official title is King Borom Racha
IV. See also
list of Thai kings.
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See also POSTAGE STAMPS.