phak kwahng tung (ผักกวางตุ้ง)
‘Guangdong (Kwangtung) vegetable’, usually referred to as Cantonese vegetable. General name
for a leaf vegetable in the family Brassica, which has several species.
Generally, the name is used to refer to the species Brassica campestris or yao
choy, commonly known as Chinese mustard cabbage, which has long stalks, skinny
leaves and yellow flowers. It is very similar to another member of the Brassica
family, but without the yellow flowers, i.e. Brassica alboglabra, which is
commonly known as Chinese broccoli and in Thai as
Other members in this family include Brassica chinensis or bok choy, which is known
by the common name
Chinese cabbage and has two varieties,
phak kahd khao kwahng
tung, with broad green
and white petioles (fig.), and
and green petioles (fig.).
It is sometimes called phak kwahng tung hong te (ผักกวางตุ้งฮ่องเต้),
or simply hong te (ฮ่องเต้), with
hong te being Thai for Huang Di (皇帝), a Chinese term that refers to any
sovereign of Imperial China between 221 BE and 1916 AD, and could thus be
translated as ‘Imperial Guangdong vegetable’.
When still small it may additionally be referred to as baby hong te (เบบี้ฮ่องเต้).