Sanskrit. ‘Fearless’. A
and ‘no fear’, and which in India is often performed by
it refers to a scene in which the
bloodshed in a quarrel over water and is commonly
seen associated with standing or
images. The position with the right hand raised and palm forward is called
pahng hahm yaat (fig.)
symbolizes the Buddha's offer, to his followers, of protection or freedom from
iconography, the pahng
hahm yaat position is sometimes referred to as the attitude of forgiveness.
The same position with the
left hand raised
pahng hahm prakaen jan.
Thailand has a
variation of this position in which the Buddha raises two hands
and which is known
as the mudra of ‘restraining the waters’. It refers to an episode when the
Buddha calmed the floodwaters of the Nairanjana River, a tributary of the
in Northern India.
In Thai, this pose is called
pahng hahm samut.
Sometimes these positions are displayed next to each other (fig.).