|Cai Shen (财神)
‘Wealth god’, ‘money spirit’ or ‘mammon’. There are numerous distinct
Chinese wealth gods, differentiating between formal and informal, as
well as civilian and military wealth deities, with the most influential
and popular one being the military god
Zhao Gong Ming (fig.). Among the civilian wealth deities are
(fig.), while another warrior god of wealth is
The informal wealth gods include
Wu Lu Cai Shen; the
who is also known as
one of the
Three Star Gods;
Li Shi Xian Guan;
the god associated with the three-legged
Lucky Money Toad
etc. Sometimes transcribed Tsai Shen or Chai Shen.
Chinese wealth gods are typically portrayed in royal
dress, usually holding attributes related to riches and power, such as
Chinese gold ingots
fang kong qian
a banner with a promotional wealth text, etc.
Thai-Tae Chew known as
and he may sometimes be called
Tsai Shen Yeh
or Cai Shen Ye (fig.).
he is called
Than Tai (fig.)
and typically one of two deities placed in small Vietnamese home altars,
the other deity being
Tu Di Gong,
the Chinese Lord of the Soil and the Ground, who in Vietnamese is known
Tho Cong (fig.),
among several other names.