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ARCHITECTURE & ICONOGRAPHY

  

 

 

  baray

 

Cambodia

A baray is a man-made reservoir, an artificial body of water, which was a common element in ancient Khmer architecture that symbolizes the oceans that surround Mount Meru.

 

It is believed to have had both practical and spiritual purposes, i.e. being used both to irrigate the fields and provide water, as well as for ritual bathing, akin to the Indian ghats (fig.).

 

  baray