A military engagement that took place during
the Franco-Siamese War
and is named after this city located at the estuary of the
River, which is nicknamed
Pahk Nahm. Just after sunset on 13 July 1893,
two French warships, i.e. L'Inconstant and La Comète, sailed up the
River towards Bangkok, without the permission of the Siamese. The Siamese army
hence attacked from gunboats and the then newly built
Chulachomklao Fortress (fig.),
forcing the French to fight their way past these defenses. The French won the
ensuing battle and forced their way to Bangkok. With their guns now aimed on the
the French delivered the Siamese an ultimatum, in which they demanded
hand over some disputed territories East of the
and to withdraw their troops from the area.
To make them comply, the French also
enforced a naval
blockade of the Siamese coast and
on 3 October 1893, a treaty was signed that ended the war. The incident is
commemorated on a Thai postage stamp issued on 13 July 2013, in order to mark
the 120th anniversary of the incident (fig.).
In Thai, known as Wikrittakahn Pahk Nahm (วิกฤตการณ์ปากน้ำ),
which translates as
‘the critical times of the estuary’.
Also spelled Pahk Nahm Incident or Paak Naam Incident.