Common name for a species of freshwater
fish, with the scientific designation Anabas
cobojius, of the genus Anabas, which
consists of only two recognized species, the other one
Both are a kind of climbing gourami and
occur in South Asia (the name indicates an association with the
Ganges River), East Asia and Southeast Asia, where
they are important as
food fish. The possession of a so-called
labyrinth organ, an extension of the gill plates, i.e. the bone that anchors the
gills and which consists of multiple folds covered with tiny blood vessels that
take oxygen from the air, allow this species to breathe atmospheric oxygen.
Hence, it has the ability to survive
out of water for extended periods of time, i.e. up to 8 hours if kept moist,
which improves its marketability as fresh fish, especially on markets.
Gangetic Koi are known to
inhabit both fresh and brackish water, and are found
Delta in Vietnam, for one.
They are carnivorous and
feed on water invertebrates and their larvae. These sturdy-looking fish can grow
to a length of 30 centimeters and have a greyish-brown colour, which is dark
above and paler below, with a silvery shine. Another characteristic of the
Gangetic Koi is that
it guards its eggs.
In Thai, this fish is known as pla moh (ปลาหมอ),
moh thai (ปลาหมอไทย),
which is used for the Climbing Perch. The climbing gourami occurs in the Thai proverb: pla moh taai pro pahk, i.e.
gourami die because of their mouths’,
be hung by the tongue’.