CHINESE ZODIAC

CHINESE CALENDAR & CHRONOLOGY

 

 

The traditional Chinese calendar is based on a twelve year cycle, each year being represented by a different animal (fig.). It counts the years in sixty year cycles, making use of combinations of two series of numbers, known as the Ten Celestial or Heavenly Stems and the Twelve Terrestrial or Earthly Branches.

Shi Tiangan (十天干)

10 Celestial or Heavenly Stems

1

jia

2

yi

3

bing

4

ding

5

wu

6

ji

7

geng

8

xin

9

ren

10

gui

Shier Dizhi (十二地支)

12 Terrestrial or Earthly Branches (corresponding to the 12 Hourly Branches)

1

zi

2

chou

3

yin

4

mao

5

chen

6

si

7

wu

8

wei

9

shen

10

you

11

xu

12

hai

Shengxiao (十二生肖)

12 Animal Signs of the Zodiac (corresponding to the 12 Earthly Branches)

rat

shu

子鼠

 

ox

niu

丑牛

tiger

hu

寅虎

rabbit

to

卯兔

dragon

long

snake

she

巳蛇

horse

ma

 

goat

yang

未羊

monkey

hou

申猴

cock

ji

酉鸡

dog

gou

戌狗

pig

zu

亥豬

Thai Equivalents of the 12 Animals of the Chinese Zodiac

rat

chuat

ชวด

 

ox

chalu

ฉลู

tiger

khaan

ขาล

rabbit

tho

เถาะ

dragon

ma-rohng

รง

snake

ma-seng

มะเส็ง

horse

ma-mia

มะเมีย

 

goat

ma-mae

มะแม

monkey

wok

วอก

cock

ra-kah

ระกา

dog

jo

จอ

pig

kun

กุน

Animal Signs corresponding to the Western Calendar

rat

1912, 1924, 1936, 1948, 1960, 1972, 1984, 1996, 2008, 2020,

ox

1913, 1925, 1937, 1949, 1961, 1973, 1985, 1997, 2009, 2021,

tiger

1914, 1926, 1938, 1950, 1962, 1974, 1986, 1998, 2010, 2022,

rabbit

1915, 1927, 1939, 1951, 1963, 1975, 1987, 1999, 2011, 2023,

dragon

1916, 1928, 1940, 1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012, 2024,

snake

1917, 1929, 1941, 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001, 2013, 2025,

horse

1918, 1930, 1942, 1954, 1966, 1978, 1990, 2002, 2014, 2026,

goat

1919, 1931, 1943, 1955, 1967, 1979, 1991, 2003, 2015, 2027,

monkey

1920, 1932, 1944, 1956, 1968, 1980, 1992, 2004, 2016, 2028,

cock

1921, 1933, 1945, 1957, 1969, 1981, 1993, 2005, 2017, 2029,

dog

1922, 1934, 1946, 1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006, 2018, 2030,

pig

1923, 1935, 1947, 1959, 1971, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2019, 2031,

Ganzhi (干支)

60 Years Cycle (of which the last one started in 1984). Each year is represented by one of the Sixty Heavenly Generals or Tai Sui (fig.), who assist the Jade Emperor in his task to guard the mortal world, each of them taking turn to be in charge for a year and named after that specific year, e.g. the first one is Jiazi Tai Sui, the last one Guihai Tai Sui, etc.

1

甲子 jiazi

2

乙丑 yichou

3

丙寅 bingyin

4

丁卯 dingmao

5

戊辰 wuchen

6

己巳 jisi

7

庚午 gengwu

8

辛未 xinwei

9

壬申 renshen

10

癸酉 guiyou

11

甲戌 jiaxu

12

乙亥 yihai

13

丙子 bingzi

14

丁丑 dingchou

15

戊寅 wuyin

16

己卯 jimao

17

庚辰 gengchen

18

辛巳 xinsi

19

壬午 renwu

20

癸未 guiwei

21

甲申 jiashen

22

乙酉 yiyou

23

丙戌 bingxu

24

丁亥 dinghai

25

戊子 wuzi

26

己丑 jichou

27

庚寅 gengyin

28

辛卯 xinmao

29

壬辰 renchen

30

癸巳 guisi

31

甲午 jiawu

32

乙未 yiwei

33

丙申 bingshen

34

丁酉 dingyou

35

戊戌 wuxu

36

己亥 jihai

37

庚子 gengzi

38

辛丑 xinchou

39

壬寅 renyin

40

癸卯 guimao

41

甲辰 jiachen

42

乙巳 yisi

43

丙午 bingwu

44

丁未 dingwei

45

戊申 wushen

46

己酉 jiyou

47

庚戌 gengxu

48

辛亥 xinhai

49

壬子 renzi

50

癸丑 guichou

51

甲寅 jiayin

52

乙卯 yimao

53

丙辰 bingchen

54

丁巳 dingsi

55

戊午 wuwu

56

己未 jiwei

57

庚申 gengshen

58

辛酉 xinyou

59

壬戌 renxu

60

癸亥 guihai

Wuxing  (五行)

5 Elements or Phases (with corresponding Colours and Celestial Stems)

1

wood (mu)

2

fire (huo)

3

earth (tu)

4

metal (jin)

5

water (shui)

 green  red

 yellow

 white  black
jia + yi bing + ding wu + ji geng + xin ren + gui